Immunomodulatory

Vitamin D boosts immunity to overcome COVID challenge The immune system defends the host against harmful microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites). The immune system has developed to incorporate a variety of specialized cell types, communication molecules, and functional responses to deal with this wide range of...

Vitamin D Blood Levels Above 50ng/mL Reduces COVID-19 Death Rate A severe viral infection of the lower respiratory tract is caused by the highly contagious coronavirus-2 (SARS-cov-2). The virus has spread all over the world since its first appearance, causing serious human casualties, economic losses, and...

Vitamin D in modulating immune response and immunopathology associated with COVID-19 The first incidence of COVID-19 was reported in the Wuhan city of Hubei province in China in late December 2019. Because of failure in timely closing of borders of the affected region, COVID-19 spread across...

Vitamin D and respiratory tract infections ·         Association of vitamin D and respiratory infections has been established in various researches. Observational studies report consistent independent associations between low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and susceptibility to acute respiratory tract infection (Jolliffe DA, 2013). Vitamin D supports induction...

Vitamins and minerals in COVID 19 infections- Vitamin D, Zinc, Vitamin C ·         Dietary insufficiency of vitamins and minerals has been observed in high-risk groups of COVID-19 patients, such as the elderly, increasing the morbidity and risk of mortality (Grant W.B., 2020).  It appears pertinent to ensure adequate,...